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Artist - Fougasse

Fougasse (also known by the name Cyril Kenneth Bird), born 1887 in London, died 1965. Designed posters for the Underground Group and London Transport 1925-1944

  • Educated; King's College, London; 1904-1908
  • Educated; Regent Street Polytechnic;
  • Educated; London County Council School of Photo-engraving and Lithography;
  • Educated; Percy Bradshaw's Press Art School; 1916


Renowned for his sharp wit and observational humour, Fougasse was one of Britain's most influential illustrators. His formal art training was by way of evening classes, which he attended alongside a degree in Engineering. Severely injured by an explosion in the First World War, and unable to walk for three years, he continued art lessons by correspondence. In 1916, Punch published his first cartoon, aptly entitled 'War's brutalising influence'. He adopted the pseudonym 'Fougasse', meaning small unpredictable landmine, which he used for all subsequent work. During the Second World War, Fougasse designed information posters for nearly every government ministry. He also illustrated books of wartime propaganda. He became Editor of Punch in 1949.

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