19th century London
London in 1800 was compact, most people got around on foot. During the century, innovations in river, railways, and road transport changed Londoners' lives fundamentally.
River Thames - Wherries were the first river taxis. Introduction of steamboats in 1815 increased passenger transport. By 1850s these carried several million passengers annually.
Railways - The railway boom in 1830s and 1840s meant new routes into London. By the 1870s, nearly all journeys to and from London were made by rail.
Streets - Light horse-drawn cabs became fashionable among rich Londoners. From 1829 others travelled on London's Shillibeer horse buses. Horse-drawn trams challenged the supremacy of the horse bus after 1870.
There are 151 objects in the 19th century London gallery. Select a section below to refine the objects or choose an object below to browse through the museum