On the surface after 1945
After the Second World War London's surface transport services were badly dilapidated, but carried more passengers than ever.
From the 1950s buses were in decline. A low priority for government spending, they were also less efficient due to escalating car-based congestion.
The now iconic Routemaster entered service in 1959, replacing trolleybuses. Previous diesel buses had already replaced London's trams. In the 1990s London's bus use increased for the first time in 50 years, due to improved service.
At its peak in 1950, London Transport had 100,000 staff and was London's biggest employer. Direct recruitment of women and Afro-Caribbeans meant its large workforce reflected the city's diversity.
There are 198 objects to view in the On the surface after 1945 gallery. Select a section below, one of the four chosen objects or show all objects from this gallery